White-eyed Vireos prefer to nest in shrubs, thickets, hedgerows and edges of forests. The cup nest of leaves, bark flakes, and pieces of
wasp nest is built by both the male and female. It is usually located in a low shrub up to 6 feet above the ground. Three to five eggs,
incubated by both sexes, hatch in about two weeks. Both parents care for the young who leave the nest in 9 to 11 days.
The Bird Banding Lab web site reports that between 1955 and 1997, a total of 37,238 White-eyed Vireos were banded. Of these, 77 have been recovered, a recovery rate of 0.206%.
Banding studies show that White-eyed Vireos are short distance migrants, and can more than 6 years in the wild.
If you should recover a banded bird, please report the band number to the Bird Banding Lab by calling 1-800-327-BAND.
White-eyed Vireo populations seem to be increasing overall, but declines have been noted in some regions of their central breeding
range. They are sure to be found where suitable breeding habitat is provided.
The White-eyed Vireo performs a valuable service by consuming many species of destructive insects. Their diet also consists of berries of
dogwood, wax myrtle, wild grapes and other fruits. By eating these fruits, they assist in seed dispersal of these and many other species of
useful plants. Seed dispersal of useful plants is an often under-appreciated service performed by wild birds.
Pyle, P. 1997. Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part 1. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA. 732 Pp.
Stokes, D. and L. Stokes. 1996. Stokes Field Guide to Birds, Eastern Region. Little, Brown & Co.,
New York. 471 Pp.
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